Changes in Your Vision

If you ever notice any change in your vision or experience any kind of injury to your eyes, see a doctor right away.

Some examples of changes in your vision that should receive professional attention include trouble adjusting to dark rooms, difficulty focusing, extra sensitivity to bright lights, double vision, excessively watery eyes, recurring pain, or any spots, lines, flashes, blurs, or missing sections of vision.

Most people under the age of 40 don’t typically experience many changes in their vision and enjoy natural 20/20 vision or 20/20 vision that’s achieved with glasses or contact lenses. Because some eye diseases can occur without any symptoms at all, it’s important for younger people to be examined by an eye doctor and always maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Around the age of 40 to 45, many people begin to experience symptoms of diminished vision and in some cases even eye disease. The most common condition to encounter at this age is presbyopia, which is caused by the normal aging of the eye and a loss of elasticity in the crystalline lens inside your eye. The typical symptom of presbyopia is when you notice that reading becomes difficult up close and items need to be held farther away in order for you to see them clearly. There’s no cure for presbyopia, but it can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Left uncorrected, presbyopia can cause you to experience eyestrain and headaches.

Cataracts are another common symptom of aging for the eye and begin to occur for many people around the age of 55 to 60. Although much less common, there are cases of cataracts occurring among infants at or shortly following birth, especially in developing countries. A cataract is actually a clouding of the lens inside your eye that initially causes your vision to become blurry. As the condition progresses, the entire lens can become so cloudy that vision in that eye is lost. Cataracts are currently the leading cause of blindness in people over age 55 in some parts of the world. The good news is that cataracts can be treated, and the success rate is extremely high.

Other common age-related eye conditions and diseases include age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, dry eye, and low vision. Each of these requires the attention of an eye doctor and good, proactive care on your part. Early detection and treatment can help you save your sight.